Posts Tagged ‘Bali trash art’

Plasticology talkshow session

September 16, 2015

On 5ht of September 2015 Plasticology talk show session at Manik Tawang Tampaksiring Gianyar, this part of UNHI (universitas Hindu Indonesia) programs to sosialization about waste management systems, in this session there are WALHI Bali and Eco Bali

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Sunday Market Plasticology workshop

August 31, 2015

 

On 28 June 2015 Plasticology art project doing workshop session in Sudaya market at Merta sari beach Sanur, lot of fun during that activity and saw all child having fun 🙂

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Ayung river trash art project

January 10, 2014

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On 9,10 and 11 of December 2013 with Mr. Glenn teacher at gade 6 greenschool Bali, we did a trash art activity around the river down from the sachool. Ayung river is veins of Bali island, start from Beratan lake goes down until mouth of the river at Padang Galak beach. but now our veins not healty enough, lot of plastic trash and peoples use it as a natural trashbin!. We going down to the river, clean up and take the plastic trash in the river, cleand it and made the art out of it. This project try to think once again on what we already have done to this nature, and of course what solution we can do, even it only small things!

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Plasticology reissue

April 7, 2013

cover

Rangda Nata Ing Dirah 65x75cm spray paint on plastic trash 2013 copy

Rangda Nata Ing Dirah 65x75cm spray paint on plastic trash 2013

(scroll down for english text)

Plasticology dan Eksotisme Bali

Oleh: Wayan Jengki Sunarta*

Sejak ditemukan awal abad XX, plastik telah menjadi pilihan praktis, pragmatis dan murah. Namun di balik semua itu, plastik menebar teror, horor, kecemasan, penyakit, dan kehancuran alam. Tanah memerlukan waktu ribuan tahun mengurai plastik. Jika dibakar, asapnya akan meracuni udara dan pernafasan. Bahkan, stereofoam yang sering dipakai mengemas makanan bisa menyebabkan kanker dan sampahnya tak bisa diurai oleh alam. Hingga detik ini sampah plastik masih menjadi isu ekologi di tingkat lokal, nasional, regional, maupun internasional.

Di Bali sendiri, penanganan sampah plastik telah menjadi agenda khusus Pemerintah Provinsi Bali. Melalui Badan Lingkungan Hidup (BLH) Provinsi Bali, pemerintah pernah menggelar seminar pengelolaan sampah bertema “Bali Bebas Sampah Plastik 2013” di Gedung Ksirarnawa, Taman Budaya Bali, pada tanggal 25 Mei 2011. Pemerintah juga membuat program Bali Green Province dengan tiga strategi dasar, yakni Green Culture, Green Economy, dan Clean & Green.

Mother and Child 65x75cm spray paint on plastic trash 2013 copy

Mother and Child 65x75cm spray paint on plastic trash 2013

Green Culture bertujuan meningkatkan pemahaman dan kesadaran masyarakat terhadap manfaat dan dampak sampah. Green Economy diarahkan mendorong partisipasi swasta dan pengusaha dalam pengelolaan sampah. Sedangkan Clean & Green ditujukan untuk mengatasi permasalahan pencemaran dan kerusakan lingkungan yang berdampak  terhadap kehidupan sosial ekonomi masyarakat. Bahkan, di Kabupaten Tabanan, telah beroperasi pabrik pengolahan sampah plastik, yakni PT. Enviro Pallet Bali. Pabrik ini setiap harinya membutuhkan 20 ton sampah plastik, yang diolah menjadi ribuan palet, pot, ember, tatakan barang, dan sebagainya.

The secret of legong 65x75cm spray paint on plastic trash 2013

The secret of legong 65x75cm spray paint on plastic trash 2013

Meski telah ada usaha-usaha pemerintah dan LSM Lingkungan untuk mengelola sampah plastik, namun tetap saja persoalan ini masih sulit diatasi. Salah satu penyebabnya adalah kurangnya kesadaran masyarakat terhadap sampah plastik yang bisa menghancurkan alam dan lingkungan hidup mereka. Di Bali, dengan mudah kita melihat sampah plastik dibuang sembarangan, mencemari pematang sawah, saluran irigasi, selokan, sungai, kebun, hutan bakau, pantai, pegunungan, tebing dan jurang. Tak hanya itu, di gang-gang kota, jalan protokol, pasar tradisional atau tempat umum lainnya, orang membuang sampah plastik sesuka hatinya. Bahkan, sering terlihat orang seenaknya membuang pembungkus plastik dari jendela mobil atau angkutan umum.

Barong and keris dance 75x65cm spray paint on plastic trash 2013 kecil

Barong and keris dance 75x65cm spray paint on plastic trash 2013

Bayak dan Plasticology

Sejak lama persoalan sampah plastik mengusik perhatian perupa Made Muliana Bayak. Perupa tamatan ISI Denpasar ini dikenal intens bergelut dan mengeksplorasi secara kritis isu-isu ekologi, sosial, budaya, kemanusiaan, politik, dalam konteks seni rupa penyadaran. Tak hanya lewat seni rupa, Bayak juga mengritisi isu-isu tersebut melalui musik. Sebagai gitaris, Bayak bergabung dalam kelompok band indie lokal, Simulacra dan Geekssmile.

Bayak menggunakan seni rupa dan musik sebagai sarana dan medium untuk menyampaikan pesan berkaitan dengan isu-isu kontekstual. Misalnya, pada Januari 2012, pameran tunggalnya di Griya Santrian Gallery, Sanur, menyedot perhatian banyak orang. Saat itu, lewat karya-karya bernuansa parodi, dia mengritisi persoalan eksploitasi alam oleh kaum kapitalisme dan neo liberalisme atas nama pembangunan pariwisata di Bali.

The Barong 75x65cm spray paint on plastic trash 2013 kecil

The Barong 75x65cm spray paint on plastic trash 2013

Berpijak dari keprihatinan kurang tumbuhnya kesadaran masyarakat Bali dalam mengelola sampah plastik, Bayak membuat serangkaian proyek seni rupa bertema “Plasticology”, sebuah konsep yang lahir dari paduan kata “plastic” dan “ecology”. Bayak telah memamerkan karya-karya yang diolah dari sampah plastik di Gardenia Café, Sanur, pada Desember 2012. Kini, Bayak kembali menggelar pameran tunggal bertajuk “Plasticology Reissue” di Arys Warung, Ubud. Rencananya, serial karya-karya “Plasticology” akan dipamerkan di berbagai tempat.

Sebelum plastik dikenal, masyarakat Bali menggunakan daun pisang sebagai pembungkus makanan. Sehabis makan, pembungkus daun itu langsung dibuang di sembarang tempat dan tentu dengan mudah diurai alam. Namun, kebiasaan membuang sampah tersebut mengendap di alam bawah sadar, dan diwariskan turun temurun. Ketika sekarang banyak makanan dan minuman dibungkus plastik, perilaku membuang sampah masih tetap mengikuti kebiasaan lama. Sampah plastik dibuang sembarangan tanpa kesadaran akan efek negatifnya. Bahkan banyak petani menggunakan sampah plastik untuk alat mengusir burung pipit, dan sisa plastik itu akhirnya mencemari sawah.

Siwanatharaja 35x50cm permanent ink on plastic trash 2013

Siwanatharaja 35x50cm permanent ink on plastic trash 2013

“Jika perilaku membuang sampah tidak segera diperbaiki maka Bali bisa menjadi pulau penuh sampah. Pulau ini rata-rata menghasilkan 10.000 meter kubik sampah setiap hari, tapi lembaga pemerintah hanya dapat memproses 5.700 meter kubik, dan meninggalkan sampah yang tersisa di pinggir jalan atau di tempat pembuangan ilegal. Ini fakta yang sangat menakutkan,” tutur Bayak.

Berangkat dari kesadaran bahwa sampah plastik telah menjadi persoalan yang krusial, Bayak memanfaatkan sampah plastik yang dihasilkan keluarganya untuk karya seni rupa, seperti lukisan kolase dan seni instalasi. Bayak konsisten melakukan hal-hal kecil yang dimulai dari diri sendiri, dan menularkannya pada orang lain. Bersama istri dan anaknya, Bayak setiap hari mengumpulkan sampah plastik di sekitar rumahnya untuk dijadikan karya seni.

sangkakala 35x50cm permanent ink on plastic trash 2013

Sangkakala 35x50cm permanent ink on plastic trash 2013

“Ide ini muncul sejak pameran tunggal pertama saya pada tahun 2008 di Ubud. Ada tantangan besar mengolah sampah menjadi karya seni. Dan, saya berusaha menemukan teknik agar sampah yang dijadikan karya seni tidak kembali menjadi sampah usai dipamerkan,” ujar Bayak.

Dalam konteks wacana Go Green yang dikampanyekan Pemerintah Bali, karya seni dari sampah plastik ini bisa menjadi implementasi paling nyata dari konsep ramah lingkungan. Bayak pun konsisten mempromosikan teknik dan proses kreatifnya melalui pameran seni rupa, workshop di sekolah dan komunitas-komunitas peduli lingkungan. Dalam “Bali Spirit Festival” yang digelar di Ubud, misalnya, Bayak rajin memberikan workshop mengelola sampah plastik menjadi karya seni.

Eternal combat 35x50cm permanent ink on plastic trash 2013

Eternal combat 35x50cm permanent ink on plastic trash 2013

“Di keluarga, saya memberi contoh bagaimana mengelola sampah plastik menjadi karya seni. Anak saya melihat dan meniru saya mengumpulkan sampah plastik di rumah. Sekarang dia sudah bisa memilah sampah dan menyimpannya untuk dijadikan bahan karya seni. Hal-hal kecil seperti ini sesungguhnya bisa dimulai dari diri sendiri dan keluarga,” tutur Bayak.

Propaganda Baru

Dengan teknik kolase dan teknik lainnya, Bayak mengolah sampah plastik dan benda bekas menjadi karya seni yang sekaligus sebagai sarana kampanye isu sampah plastik, sosial serta budaya. Visual yang ditampilkan dalam kebanyakan karya Bayak adalah eksotisme Bali masa lalu, yang sejak zaman kolonial Belanda hingga sekarang terus menerus dipropagandakan demi kepentingan industri pariwisata.

Rajah number I 35x50cm permanent ink on plastic trash 2013

Rajah number I 35x50cm permanent ink on plastic trash 2013

Selain menjadi salah satu penyumbang sampah terbesar di Bali, industri pariwisata juga membawa dampak negatif yang banyak memunculkan persoalan di bidang ekologi, sosial dan budaya. Misalnya, pembangunan sarana pariwisata sering tidak peduli dengan tata ruang Bali, konflik adat dengan investor, konflik batas wilayah desa, profanisasi seni sakral, pencurian benda-benda suci di pura untuk dijual sebagai benda antik, pelacuran dan kafe remang-remang, dan sebagainya.

Propaganda pariwisata yang mengeksploitasi eksotisme Bali telah menutup rapat berbagai sisi gelap dan tragedi yang terjadi di Bali. Sebab turisme hanya suka melihat keindahan dan eksotisme, dan selalu menghindari kenyataan, sisi gelap, dan tragedi yang terjadi di daerah tujuan wisata. Berpijak dari berbagai persoalan itu, Bayak dengan sinis membuat “propaganda baru”, yakni membangun kembali citra eksotisme Bali dari puing dan serpihan sampah plastik. Visual karya-karya “Plasticology” yang sarat pesan ini merupakan sindiran dan parodi tentang Bali yang terlalu mendewakan industri pariwisata. Semoga pecinta seni rupa mampu menangkap pesan yang ingin disampaikan Bayak lewat karya seni dari sampah plastik ini. ***

*Penulisa adalah lulusan Antropologi Budaya, Fakultas Sastra, Universitas Udayana. Pernah studi seni lukis di ISI Denpasar.

concept number I 30x40cm acrylic paint on paper and ink on bubble plastic 2013 copy

Concept number I 30x40cm acrylic paint on paper and ink on bubble plastic 2013

concept number II 30x40cm acrylic paint on paper and ink on buble plastic 2013 copy

Concept number II 30x40cm acrylic paint on paper and ink on bubble plastic 2013

concept number III 30x40cm acrylic paint on paper and ink on buble plastic 2013 copy

Concept number III 30x40cm acrylic paint on paper and ink on bubble plastic 2013

Plasticology and Exoticism in Bali

By: Wayan Jengki Sunarta*

Since the invention of plastic in the early twentieth century, this material has been a practical, pragmatic, and cheap commodity serving hundreds of purposes. But behind its advantages, plastic has also spread terror, horror, anxiety, disease, and the destruction of nature. Ground soil takes thousands of years to biodegrade plastic. When it is burned, the smoke poisons the air and our lungs. Unimagineably, Styrofoam,  that ubiquitous substance used to package food waste, causes cancer when burned, and it cannot be broken down in nature. To this day, plastic waste continues to wreak ecological havoc at the local, regional, national, and international levels.

In Bali, plastic waste management was made a special agenda for Bali’s provincial government. On May 25, 2011, under the auspices of the Environment Agency of Bali (BLH), the government held a waste management seminar entitled “Plastic Waste-Free Bali 2013” in the Ksirarnawa Building, Taman Budaya. The government also created the “Bali Green Province,” guided by three basic campaigns, namely “Green Culture,” “Green Economy,” and “Clean & Green.” Green Culture aims to increase understanding and awareness of the impacts and potential uses of waste. Green Economy aims to encourage entrepreneurs and the private sector to participate in waste management. Finally, Clean & Green is intended to overcome the problems of pollution and environmental damage affecting the socioeconomic vitality of the community. For example, in the Tabanan regency, the plastic waste processing plant PT. Enviro Pallet Bali processes 20 tons of plastic waste plastic per day, which is converted into pallets, pots, buckets, pallet goods, etc.

Although there have been efforts by the government and environmental NGOs to manage plastic waste, the problem is difficult to overcome. One reason for this is the lack of public awareness on how plastic waste can destroy the natural environment. In Bali, one frequently witnesses the careless disposal of plastic waste, which then contaminates the rice fields, irrigation canals, ditches, rivers, gardens, mangroves, beaches, mountains, cliffs and ravines. Furthemore, in the alleys, main thoroughfares, traditional markets, and other public spaces of the city, people dispose of plastic waste anywhere they please. Many people casually discard plastic wrappings from public transport or car windows.

Bayak and Plasticology

For some time, the problem of plastic waste has provoked the attention of artist Made Muliana Bayak.

Bayak, who graduated from ISI Denpasar, has gained a reputation for intensely wrestling with and critically exploring ecological, social, cultural, humanitarian, and political issues—all within the context of art. His explorations include not only visual art, but also music. As a guitarist, Bayak has shaped local indie bands Simulacra and Geekssmile.

Bayak uses art and music as means and media to convey messages related to specific contextual issues. His solo exhibition at the Griya Santrian Gallery, Sanur on January 2012, which gained significant public recognition, serves as an example: Through the medium of nuanced parody, Bayak criticized the exploitation of nature by capitalism and neo-liberalism, in the name of tourism development in Bali. On the basis of the increasing awareness of Balinese about the need for plastic waste management,

Bayak has created a series of art projects themed “Plasticology,” a concept that fuses the words “plastic” and “ecology.” Bayak premiered this series, which is based on mixed media pieces composed of plastic waste, in Gardenia Cafe, Sanur in December 2012. Now, Bayak launches a solo exhibition titled “Plasticology Reissue” at Ary’s Warung, Ubud. His future plan is to display other works within the “Plasticology” series, in other exhibit settings.

Before plastic was a common commodity, Balinese used banana leaves as food wrappers. After eatingnthe meal inside, they would immediately discard the wrapper leaves anywhere, and the organic waste would return to nature. Such littering habits settled into the Balinese subconscious and were handed down for generations. Now, although most food and beverages are served in plastic, littering continues to follow these old customs. The careless disposal of plastic waste has had dramatic negative effects and impacted many aspects of daily life. For example, many rice farmers use plastic rubbish to repel sparrows from their fields; the fallen remnants eventually contaminate the entire paddies. “If this sort of littering behavior is not changed soon, the entire island of Bali will be full with garbage,” says Bayak. “The island produces an average of 10,000 cubic meters of waste per day, but government agencies can only process 5,700 cubic meters. Much trash is left on the curbs or in illegal dumps. This fact is really alarming.”

With the realization that plastic waste is a critical problem as his point of departure, Bayak utilizes the plastic waste generated by his own family to create works of art, including painting collages and installation pieces. Bayak beliefs strongly that such small actions, starting with himself, have the potential to influence others. Everyday, with the help of his wife and son, Bayak collects the plastic waste around his house to be used in his artwork.

“The idea first arose with my first solo exhibition in Ubud in 2008. There was a challenge to transform waste into works of art. I tried to find a technique that would allow the rubbish to remain as artwork,even after the exhibition concluded,” explains Bayak.

In the context of the “Go Green” discourse, campaigned by the government throughout Bali, artwork from plastic waste could be the most obvious implementation of an eco-friendly concept. Bayak has consistently promoted this technique and creative process through art exhibitions, workshops in schools, and various collectives concerned about the environment. For example, during the Bali Spirit Festival in 2013, Bayak provided daily workshops and live painting activities, demonstrating how to turn plastic waste into works of art.

“Within my family, I set an example for how to manage plastic waste by making works of art. My son sees and emulates me by collecting plastic waste in our home. Now, he is able to sort the garbage and set aside that which can be used for artwork. Little things like this can actually just start with an individual and his family,” says Bayak.

New Propaganda

But Bayak’s works not only contribute to discourse on plastic waste management; they also provide social and culture commentary. The icons displayed in his work evoke Bali’s exotic past which, from the Dutch colonial era to the present day, are exploited by the cultural propaganda of the tourism industry. In addition to being one of the biggest contributors to waste in Bali, the tourism industry has also negatively impacted the overal ecological, social, and cultural health of the island. The construction of tourism facilities often proceeds with no regard for Balinese spatial concepts or needs. The result: custom is ignored by tourism investors, village boundaries are violated, sacred art is rendered profane— as sacred objects of the temple are sold as collectible antiques—and prostitution in dimly lit cafes proliferates the island.

Tourism propaganda that exploits and exoticizes Bali has also ignored its dark side and the many tragedies of Bali. Because tourism only benefits from the image of Bali as a beautiful paradise, it must always avoid reality—including the dark and tragic events that have occurred at some of the island’s most popular tourist destinations. Related to such issues, Bayak cynically constructs “new propaganda,” chiefly to rebuild the image of exotic Bali from plastic debris. The visual works of “Plasticology” are laden with messages of satire and parodies of a Bali overidolized by the tourism industry. Hopefully, art lovers will comprehend the message conveyed by Bayak’s artworks of waste. ***

*Sunarta is a graduate in Cultural Anthropology, Faculty of Letters, Udayana University.

He has also studied painting at the Indonesian Institute for the Arts (ISI) Denpasar.

Translation by Rebeka Moore